Money Supply, the only way is up….?
För den som kommer ihåg Nationalekonomi A kursen.
In economics, the money supply or money stock, is the total amount of money available in an economy at a particular point in time. There are several ways to define “money,” but standard measures usually include currency in circulation and demand deposits (depositors’ easily-accessed assets on the books of financial institutions).
- M0: In some countries, such as the United Kingdom, M0 includes bank reserves, so M0 is referred to as the monetary base, or narrow money.
- MB: is referred to as the monetary base or total currency. This is the base from which other forms of money (like checking deposits, listed below) are created and is traditionally the most liquid measure of the money supply.
- M1: Bank reserves are not included in M1.
- M2: represents money and “close substitutes” for money. M2 is a broader classification of money than M1. Economists use M2 when looking to quantify the amount of money in circulation and trying to explain different economic monetary conditions. M2 is a key economic indicator used to forecast inflation.
- M3: Since 2006, M3 is no longer tracked by the US central bank. However, there are still estimates produced by various private institutions. (M2 +large deposits and other large, long-term deposits)